Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a term that describes a vast array of injuries that occur to the scalp, skull, brain, and underlying tissue and blood vessels in the head, following impact on the head. Impact from a fall, traffic accident, fight or heavy object on the head can cause mild injuries like a contusion, moderate injuries like a fracture of the skull and severe injuries like brain damage. Severe brain damage can be the result of objects or bone penetrating the brain tissue.


After a head injury, someone can become unconscious. It is also possible that a person doesn't remember moments from before the impact. This is called post-traumatic amnesia (PTA). Besides unconsciousness and PTA, the following symptoms may occur:

  • Very quiet (not crying)
  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Coordination loss (problems with walking) or weakness in arms of legs
  • Dizziness


In the early phase after traumatic brain injury, survival and prevention of (further) brain damage are the main priorities. Neurosurgical intervention is often necessary after a severe injury.

Within UNCH Haaglanden Medical Center and Leiden University Medical Center are specialised in treating patients with traumatic brain injury. More information can be found on the NVvN website

Ons advies