Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a term that describes a vast array of injuries that occur to the scalp, skull, brain, and underlying tissue and blood vessels in the head, following impact on the head. Impact from a fall, traffic accident, fight or heavy object on the head can cause mild injuries like a contusion, moderate injuries like a fracture of the skull and severe injuries like brain damage. Severe brain damage can be the result of objects or bone penetrating the brain tissue.


After a head injury, someone can become unconscious. It is also possible that a person doesn't remember moments from before the impact. This is called post-traumatic amnesia (PTA). Besides unconsciousness and PTA, the following symptoms may occur:

  • Very quiet (not crying)
  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Coordination loss (problems with walking) or weakness in arms of legs
  • Dizziness


In the early phase after traumatic brain injury, survival and prevention of (further) brain damage are the main priorities. Neurosurgical intervention is often necessary after a severe injury.

Within UNCH Haaglanden Medical Center is specialised in treating patients with traumatic brain injury. More information can be found on the NVvN website

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