A meningioma is a tumor that arises from the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord to protect it. A meningioma is benign (grade 1 and 2), only in rare cases they can be malignant (cancerous, grade 3). They are more common in females and middle-aged people.


A meningioma is a slow-growing tumor and therefore symptoms develop slowly and subtle. When the tumor develops in the head, symptoms are usually the result of increased pressure in the head. The location of the tumor also has an effect on the symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Changes in behaviour
  • Speech problems
  • Changes in vision (seeing double/blurry)
  • Seizures

When a meningioma develops in the back of the head problems with cerebrospinal fluid can occur and which can cause hydrocephalus. When a meningioma grows in the spinal canal, it can press against the spinal cord and cause weakness in arms and legs, sensory problems and sphincter problems.


Treatment is depending on location, size and growing speed of the tumor. Because most meningiomas grow slowly, often without any significant signs and symptoms, they do not always require immediate treatment and may be monitored over time. For meningiomas causing symptoms surgical removal and radiation therapy can be considered. 

Within UNCH you can be treated for a meningioma in LUMC or Haaglanden Medical Center. More information can be found on NVvN website